Generally, heart attack is triggered by a blockage in a blood vessel that compromises blood supply to the portion of the heart that depends on that blood vessel.
We are aware of classic symptoms of heart attack like pain or discomfort on right side of chest. Well you should know there are heart attacks which occur with mild or no symptoms at all! This condition known as silent myocardial infarction (SMI) is inadequate supply of oxygen to heart, and often leads to severe heart attack. 50 percent of heart attacks are silent attacks, and strike men more often than women.
Below are the known mild symptoms of a silent heart attack which are found to be missed out by most patients:
1) Discomfort: Discomfort in the center of the chest is the most common symptom of a silent heart attack. Pain or uncomfortable pressure can be felt which might last few minutes and recur.
2) Feeling nauseous: Feeling nauseous or lightheaded is a sign of SMI.
3) Breathing Problem: Shortness of breath can occur before or during chest discomfort.
4) Gastrointestinal distress: Gastrointestinal distress like unusual vomiting and indigestion is also recognized as a symptom of silent heart attack.
5) Discomfort in upper-body areas: Sometimes, discomfort in the upper body areas is a sign of SMI. An uneasy feeling in back, neck, arms, jaws, and stomach is also a symptom.
- Eating a healthy and balanced diet
- Maintaining a healthy weight
- Maintaining an active lifestyle
- Not smoking
- Following up with doctors regularly
High risk factors of silent heart attack include high blood pressure, high cholesterol and diabetes.
So, it is recommended to regularly visit your family doctor for a complete body checkup at least in every 3-4 months. Women with a history of pre-clempsia may also be at increased risk for heart disease. Patients who already have had heart attacks should definitely see a cardiologist or a doctor who specializes in diseases of the heart. These specialists can help heart patients reduce their risk of another attack.